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India’s New Education Policy, Click here to know what students have to say

As India gears up for New Education Policy, Click here to know what students want to say Global Youth Voice gyv

In a major Cabinet decision on Wednesday, the cabinet approved the National Education Policy for India. The reforms took place after three decades. Following this, several changes in the Indian Education system were proposed including changing the name of the HRD Ministry to the Education Ministry. Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal and I&B Minister Prakash Javadekar briefed the media and underline many major aspects of the policy. A committee led by Chairman Dr. K Kasturirangan formed the Draft National Education Policy 2019. So, the foundational pillars are ‘Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability, and Accountability’.

As India gears up for New Education Policy, Click here to know what students want to say Global Youth Voice gyv
New Education Policy 2020

Cabinet Approves National Education Policy

The NEP hopes to restructure the Indian education system. One of its major decisions is to rename the HRD ministry as the Ministry of Education (MoE). It is of the opinion that the step will bring the focus back on education and learning. The new education policy will make an independent regulatory body called the State School Regulatory Authority. NEP aims to provide pre-primary education to all by 2025. It aims at compulsory school education for all children in the age group of 3-18 years by 2030. NEP proposes a new curricular with a 5+3+3+4 structure and canceling the M.Phil degree. The policy continues with the three-language formula and adds “The Languages of India” with an aim to preserve all local languages.

Educators react to the reforms brought by the NEP

To know about reactions from the people, Global Youth Voice spoke to various educationists and students. Samarjit Jana, principal of Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Ranchi. He feels that reform was the need of the hour. It had been 34 years since any amendment in the education system. He said, “The new policy is forward. It focuses on pre-primary education. This reform is very important since the 5+3+3+4 structure will work on the foundation years of a child. That is the softest and tender age. I welcome this decision. In the semester system, a student can choose any subject as a major elective. The academic credit system is a very positive idea. It will save a student’s efforts and time. It is a very good initiative. I am waiting for the execution.”

Ram Singh, principal of Delhi Public School, one of India’s premium chains of schools spoke with Global Youth Voice. He said, “Schools need time to study the NEP. The new policy seems to be good overall. A fundamental change was required. The semester system is a good introduction and the policy focuses on practical as well as vocational knowledge.”

Students’ statement regarding NEP

Abhishek Raj is a research scholar. He wrote, “There are many educational schemes for a girl child. I think gender parity is an excellent inclusion. The Ministry of Education should now clear the steps of execution. I’m curious to know the strategy of MoE.”

Amrit Kumar, a pass-out responds, “The best part of NEP is that the streams will not be divided. There are endless options for a student. So, I think removing English as a medium is not good. English is a common language and this may harm students.”

Giridhar Beltharia, a student says, “I think the new policy is very positive. It cares about the students. It also promotes regional languages, which is very good and I hope it is a good experience for our students.”

Changes made to the 1986 NPE

  • The new structure of schooling would be 5+3+3+4. Here 5 years are for pre-primary education. The MoE will conduct the board exams at the same intervals. There will be no exams in between.
  • The MoE has discontinued M.Phil courses and all the undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. courses will be interdisciplinary.
  • Board exams in schools will be low stakes and test actual knowledge of students instead of mugging up. The schools will follow a semester system. There will be no rigid separation of streams. Vocational education will be established from class 6 and the syllabus will consist of core concepts.
  • Regional languages will be the medium of instruction up to class 5. Many online courses will be in regional languages and the Ministry stresses the importance of Vedic as well as scientific learning.
  • All higher educational institutions except legal and medical colleges will be governed under single regulations. Common standards will be in practice for the public as well as private schools. The Ministry will also cap fees charged by educational institutions. The ministry will further hold common entrance exams for higher education.
  • The ministry has introduced a credit system. This system will give credits to students so that even if they drop out they will not lose the time and the efforts. One year of education will give a certificate, second year will give the student a diploma and the third year of education will give a degree.

The vision behind the New Education Policy 2020

The ministry hopes that there will be a 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035. It will include holistic and multidisciplinary education. There will be flexibility in subjects. It will help the students to transfer from one school very easily. The UG program will continue for 3 or 4 years. The PG program will be for 1 or 2 years. There will be an integrated 5-year course. The cabinet has discontinued M.Phil. The students will be able to keep an academic record of their credits and the cabinet has also established a Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU).


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