To make “India a global knowledge superpower” a new Education Policy was launched on July 29, 2020. On May 1, 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi had viewed NEP-2020. The draft was prepared by a team of experts led by K Kasturirangan. He was the former chief of the Indian Space Research organisation (ISRO).
Approval for National education Policy
Union cabinet approved the policy that aims to empower the country’s education system. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, announced the NEP- 2020. The new academic session will begin in October – November. The delay is due to the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak. However, the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session starts.
Implement Reforms of National Education Policy by 2040
The rules of NEP are not mandatory to be followed. But they give a broad direction to the works preceding. For education, both central and state governments can make laws. The implementation can be collaborated by both the governments. The government has set a target of 2040 to implement the entire policy. Sufficient funding is also crucial as a shortage of funds constrained the 1968 NEP. The government has set up subject-wise committees to implement the plan for a different aspect of the NEP. Furthermore, it aim at strengthening the Central Advisory Board of Education.
Achieving a successful implementation of this policy demands a long-term vision. In this context, the Policy endorses strengthening and empowering the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE). Moreover this will have a greater directive and not just remain a forum for widespread consultation. It shall also create and continuously review the institutional frameworks that shall help attain this vision.
To bring the focus back on education and learning, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has been re-designated as the Ministry of Education.
Affordable and Quality Education for All
The policy plans to invest in education as this is the best way towards society’s better future. Public expenditure on education in India has not come close to the recommended level of 6% of GDP.
Moreover, financial support will be provided to various critical elements and components of education.
This will include :
a. ensuring universal access,
b. learning resources,
c. nutritional support,
d. matters of student safety and well-being,
e. adequate numbers of teachers and staff,
f. teacher development, and
g. support for all key initiatives towards equitable high-quality education for underprivileged and socio-economically disadvantaged groups.
In addition to one-time expenditures, the policy is primarily related to infrastructure and resources. This Policy identifies the following key long-term thrust areas for financing to cultivate an education system:
(a) universal provisioning of quality early childhood care education;
(b) ensuring foundational literacy and numeracy;
(c) providing adequate and appropriate resourcing of school complexes/clusters;
(d) providing food and nutrition (breakfast and midday meals);
(e) investing in teacher education and continuing professional development of teachers;
(f) revamping colleges and universities to foster excellence;
(g) cultivating research; and
(h) extensive use of technology and online education.
The matter of commercialization of education has been dealt with by the Policy through multiple relevant fronts, including:
1. The ‘light but tight’ regulatory approach that mandates full public self-disclosure of finances
2. Procedures related to course
3. Program offerings
4. Educational outcomes
5. Substantial investment in public education
6. Mechanisms for the good governance of all institutions, public and private.
Any policy’s effectiveness depends on its implementation. Such implementation will require multiple initiatives and actions. Also, this will have to be taken by multiple bodies in a synchronized way by the NEP.
Expert committee of National Education Policy
1. Dr. K. Kasturirangan (Chairman) – 9845007998 (Personal) O: 080-23610522 (Direct Line- Dr. Kasturirangan) – firstname.lastname@example.org
(Chancellor of Central University of Rajasthan and NIIT University)
2. Dr. Vasudha Kamat – 9821310081(M) – email@example.com
(Former VC of SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai)
3. Dr. Manjul Bhargava – 609 2584192 – firstname.lastname@example.org
(R. Brandon Frass Professor of Mathematics, Princeton University, USA)
4. Dr. Ram Shankar Kureel – 07324-274 377, 9871450315(M) – email@example.com
(Former Founder VC, Baba Saheb Ambedkar University of Social Sciences, Madhya Pradesh)
5. Prof. T.V. Kattimani – 9599292424(M), 9425331399(M) 07629269710 – firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
(VC, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh)
6. Shri Krishna Mohan Tripathy – 9415822107(M)- firstname.lastname@example.org
(Director of Education (secondary) and Former Chairperson of Uttar Pradesh High School and Intermediate Examination Board, Uttar Pradesh)
7. Dr. Mazhar Asif – 9435118077(M), 03612672683 – email@example.com
(Centre for Persian and Central Asian Studies, School of Language, Literature and Cultural Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)
8. Dr. M.K. Sridhar – 9845222573(M), 8048068027(M) Escort 9900086660 – firstname.lastname@example.org
(Former Member Secretary, Karnataka knowledge Commission, Bengaluru, Karnataka)
9. Shri Rajendra Pratap Gupta 09223344303(M) email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
(Officer on Special Duty (National Education Policy), Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, New Delhi)
Members of the Drafting Committee
a. Manjul Bhargava, R. Brandon Fradd Professor of Mathematics, Princeton University, USA
b. K. Ramachandran, Advisor, National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration, New Delhi
c. Anurag Behar, CEO, Azim Premji Foundation & Vice-Chancellor, Azim Premji University Bengaluru
d. Leena Chandran Wadia, Observer Research Foundation, Mumbai