With limited resources and reserves, the greatest asset any country possesses are its people. In the year 2015, the UN Human Development Report placed Singapore on the 13th rank out of 155 countries.
Singapore (The Republic of Singapore) An island city-state, has indeed taken the much needed steps towards gender-equality. Report on the Labour Force in Singapore, Ministry of Manpower suggests that the women’s participation in labor-force has nearly doubled, from 28% in 1970 to 59.8% in 2017.
Singapore’s Status on Women’s Inclusion
As of a report published in 2018, “Advancement towards gender-equality could help to grow Singapore’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) by an additional US$20 billion i.e. 5%, by 2025”.
It is observed and indeed proven, that diverse and varying working forces encourage creativity and naive ideas, which in turn helps to vindicate competitive advantage.
In order to help women re-enter the workforce and encourage shared parental responsibility, the Singapore government has implemented enhanced maternity benefits and leave schemes for working parents (the Pro-Family Leave Schemes).
Education is the key driver of any economy. It helps to boost people’s life-style and bring them out of poverty by providing them the required skill to be productive, creative and be an entrepreneur.
“The government provides all Singaporean children equal access to quality education – including STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education. We passed the Compulsory Education Act in 2003 to make the first six years of primary education compulsory. Last year, our literacy rate for females, aged 15 and over, was 94.6 percent. Women make up more than half of the student population in the local universities , states the report by APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation), China, 2014.
Whereas India ranks 129th in UNDP report, 2019 out of 189 countries, Singapore on the other hand was on rank 9th with HDI (Human Development Index) value 0.935.
Research suggests that Asia-Pacific regions have witnessed improvement in women’s participation in the work-place with the aid of technology, activism and government measures, but the progress among the nations varies largely. India, South Korea and Japan still lag behind the countries like Singapore, Philippines and New Zealand. [CAN, Singapore]
What Do Indians Have To Say about Gender Parity at Workplace?
“Women’s inclusion should be more at diverse workplaces because it gives them financial independence. Many women who do not go out of abusive households because they are dependent for the food and money”,
says Namrata Pandit from Durgapur, West Bengal adding,
“To increase women’s participation in diverse workplaces, it is important that we make them capable of doing so. No interference in education for young girls, and freedom to study or opt for jobs away from home is must. For married or pregnant women, adequate leave and childcare policies must be provided to help them earn, and be financially independent.”
Pritha Patra of Kharagpur, WB, remarks,
“I think women have motherly compassion, which enables them to be caring towards the piece of work at hand. Their nurturing nature urges them to nurture their ideas and make it grow into reality”.
Indian government should focus on providing all possible ways to promote participation of women. A safe and secure working environment would promote participation for sure.
“Women are emotionally very strong which helps their conscience understand their fellow workers or employees at the workplace. Efforts could be made like, reservation of seats for women or not charging for application forms.”
she further continues.
“There is already a certain mindset of favouring men over women for work. There can be hidden prejudices like women are less efficient. This trend needs to be broken, because this is nothing but discrimination”,
says Ved Prakash from Delhi.